By by Susan Smythe Kung.
This dissertation is a entire description of the grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua (HT), that is a member of the Totonacan language relations. HT is spoken by way of fewer than 1500 humans in and round the city of Huehuetla, Hidalgo, within the japanese Sierra Madre mountains of the valuable Gulf Coast sector of Mexico. This grammar starts with an advent to the language, its language kinfolk, and its environment, in addition to a short historical past of my touch with the language. The grammar keeps with an outline of the phonology of HT, through morphosyntactic and syntactic description of all the significant elements of speech, together with verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and numbers; the grammar concludes with an outline of the sentence-level syntax. A compilation of interlinearized texts looks within the appendix. HT is a polysynthetic, head-marking language with advanced verbal morphology. Inflectional affixes contain either prefixes and suffixes for which a templatic trend is hard to version. as well as inflectional and derivational morphology, HT verbs also are host to a great number of aspectual derivational morphemes, each one of which alters the which means of the verb in a really particular approach. Plural marking on either nouns and verbs for any 3rd individual argument is non-compulsory and made up our minds by means of an animacy hierarchy, that is extensively utilized to figure out verbal argument marking in a variety of morphosyntactic structures. HT nouns are thoroughly unmarked for case, and likely nouns, together with kinship phrases and components of a complete, are obligatorily possessed. The order of the key ingredients is pragmatically made up our minds, with an inclination in the direction of VSO order within the absence of pragmatic or contextual clues and SVO order in context-rich textual examples. HT is an under-documented moribund language that's at approaching danger of extinction in the subsequent two-to-three generations. therefore, this dissertation is a huge contribution not just to the sector of linguistics, but additionally to the Tepehua those who may perhaps in the future have an interest within the language in their grandparents. Read more...
Read or Download A descriptive grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua PDF
Best linguistics books
Mind learn in Language addresses vital neurological matters concerned about studying. The interpreting procedure is a hugely composite cognitive job, which depends on mind platforms that have been initially dedicated to different capabilities. nearly all of experiences during this region have carried out behavioral methodologies, which supply info about the complete cognitive series on the end of processing purely, within the reader’s output.
Solid writing and communique talents are crucial in lots of parts of technology and engineering, to assist statement, considering and remembering, to prepare paintings and to prevent pressure. Written by way of a scientist for scientists, this e-book is way greater than a textbook of English grammar – it's a helpful resource of data for all facets of writing in clinical and technical events.
On the severe tip of South the United States, Staten Island has piercing Antarctic winds, lonely coasts assaulted through breakers, and sailors misplaced as their vessels ruin at the darkish rocks. Now that civilization dares to rule right here, a lighthouse penetrates the final and wildest position of all. yet Vasquez, the parent of the sacred mild, has now not reckoned with the vicious, determined Kongre gang, who homicide his acquaintances and strength him out into the desolate tract.
A work-by-work remark at the Bach cantatas through one of many world's most famed Bach students, now on hand in English and in paperback for the 1st time. It comprises all of the cantata libretti in German-English parallel textual content. An necessary reference e-book for someone hearing, acting, or learning any of the Bach cantatas.
- Eléments de Description de l’Orungu. Langue Bantu du Gabon
- Outlines of Logic: An English Translation of Trendelenburg's Elementa Logices Aristotelea (1898)
- Audiodesign: Akustische Kommunikation, akustische Signale und Systeme, psychoakustische Grundlagen, Klangsynthese, Audioediting und Effektbearbeitung, Sounddesign, Bild-Ton-Beziehungen
- Cours de linguistique générale (Edition critique)
- The Archaeology of Knowledge & The Discourse on Language
- Researching Language and the Law: Textual Features and Translation Issues
Additional resources for A descriptive grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua
This review of the literature picks up where MacKay’s left off. In fact, since the publication of MacKay’s (1999) grammar of Misantla Totonac, we seem to have entered the golden age of Totonacan research, especially with respect to the Tepehua branch of the family. Just two decades ago, the only member of the Tepehua branch to have been documented was the 24 Tlachichilco variety (Watters 1980, 1984, 1987, 1988, 1994, 1996a, 1996b). The only published materials on Huehuetla Tepehua were a 1976 translation of the New Testament by the Liga Bíblica Mundial de Hogar, several short stories written by SIL consultants and published by the SIL, Kryder’s (1987) Masters thesis, which is a sketch of the HT phonology and morphology, and three short linguistics articles by SIL linguists that either describe or analyze HT numerals (Bower 1948), HT sentences (Bower and Erickson 1967), and HT verbal inflection (Herzog 1974).
Thus, in the speech of the younger Tepehua, the distribution of the glottal stop is not limited to that given in (7). Essentially, 39 anywhere that a /q/ appears in the speech of an older HT speaker, a glottal stop may occur in its place in the speech of a younger HT speaker. In example (8a), it is the second element in a syllable initial consonant cluster; in example (8b), it is the first element in a syllable final consonant cluster. (8) a. b. x7ooy ma7x so7ch [oi] [ma] [sot] ‘dog’ ‘left (hand)’ ‘straight’ Voiced Stops /b/, /d/, /g/ The voiced stops /b, d, g/ are mainly found in recent Spanish borrowings and in ideophones,11 and they occur very seldom.
It is possible that these particular ideophones were borrowed from Spanish; however, I cannot be sure. 2.
A descriptive grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua by by Susan Smythe Kung.