By Gwendolyn Leick

ISBN-10: 0415002400

ISBN-13: 9780415002400

This Dictionary provides a entire survey of the entire diversity of historic close to jap structure from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the enormous temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Gwendolyn Leick examines the improvement of the important forms of old structure inside their geographical and old context, and describes good points of significant websites corresponding to Ur, Nineveh and Babylon, in addition to the various lesser-known websites. She additionally covers the differences of normal historic architectural buildings reminiscent of pyramids, tombs and homes, info the construction fabric and methods hired, and clarifies professional terminology.

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The Phoenicians, who were extremely skilled masons, introduced the use of ashlar in the Middle Bronze period (eg RAS SHAMRA). In Palestine, the use of ashlar masonry is associated with the period of the United Monarchy (c. 1010– 935 BC) (see ARAD, GEZER, HAZOR, MEGIDDO). ASSUR (MODERN QALAT SHERGAT) Israelite masonry at Samaria (c. 9th C BC) (after Albright) Assur (modern Qalat Shergat) Mesopotamia, see map p. xviii. Important residential city of Assyrian kings and religious centre dedicated to the national god Assur.

There is evidence of a wellbuilt system of canalisation. The main public building (the so-called Templepalace) stood in its own temenos and incorporated a colonnade of stone pillars on either side of a corridor-shaped court. Although the plan is not quite clear it appears that a series of small chambers and parallel oblong rooms surrounded a square main room or courtyard. , Ausgrabungen von Alaça Hüyük: 1940–48 (Ankara 1966) 10 ALTINTEPE Egyptian altar, Karnak Temple at Altintepe 11 AL-UBAID Urartian sanctuaries (Arinberd, KARMIRBLUR) which were inspired by the palatial wall-decorations of Assyria.

A flight of steps led to the raised, shallow cella. The later temples (VI, V) show Egyptian influence in plan and decoration. inhabited from the Chalcolithic Period to the 2nd millennium BC. At level II (Early Bronze, beginning of the 3rd millennium BC), there is evidence for a small fortified town. The houses had stone foundations and timber-reinforced brick walls. MEGARON-type buildings were provisionally interpreted as sanctuaries, since many vessels and ‘cult’ objects were found in them. Level V (c.

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