By Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the Science of
Climate Change, Division on Earth and Life Studies

ISBN-10: 0309145880

ISBN-13: 9780309145886

ISBN-10: 0309145899

ISBN-13: 9780309145893

Weather switch is going on, is brought on mostly by means of human actions, and poses major dangers for--and in lots of situations is already affecting--a extensive variety of human and common structures. The compelling case for those conclusions is supplied in Advancing the technology of weather switch, a part of a congressionally asked suite of reports referred to as America's weather offerings. whereas noting that there's consistently extra to benefit and that the clinical technique isn't closed, the e-book indicates that hypotheses approximately weather switch are supported by means of a number of strains of proof and feature stood company within the face of great debate and cautious overview of different reasons. As choice makers reply to those hazards, the nation's medical firm can give a contribution via learn that improves knowing of the motives and outcomes of weather swap and in addition turns out to be useful to selection makers on the neighborhood, nearby, nationwide, and overseas degrees. The e-book identifies judgements being made in 12 sectors, starting from agriculture to transportation, to spot judgements being made according to weather swap. Advancing the technological know-how of weather switch demands a unmarried federal entity or application to coordinate a countrywide, multidisciplinary examine attempt geared toward enhancing either figuring out and responses to weather swap. Seven cross-cutting study topics are pointed out to help this medical firm. furthermore, leaders of federal weather study may still redouble efforts to installation a accomplished weather gazing approach, enhance weather types and different analytical instruments, put money into human capital, and enhance linkages among study and judgements through forming partnerships with action-oriented courses.

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A recent assessment of these data and the techniques used to analyze them concluded that the past few decades have been warmer than any other comparable period for at least the last 400 years, and possibly for the last 1,000 years or longer (NRC, 2006b). 32 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html What We Know About Climate Change The Climate System Exhibits Substantial Natural Variability Earth’s climate varies naturally on a wide range of timescales, from seasonal variations (such as a particularly wet spring, hot summer, or snowy winter) to geological timescales of millions or even billions of years.

24 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html Introduction I include the panel’s conclusions, recommendations, and supporting analysis. Chapter 2 provides an overview of available scientific knowledge about climate change. This overview is drawn from the 12 technical chapters in Part II of the report, which provide more detailed and extensively referenced information on what science has learned about climate change and its interactions with key human and environmental systems.

Likewise, climate changes can be abrupt—they have the potential to cross tipping points or thresholds that result in large changes or impacts. The likelihood of such abrupt changes is not well known, however, which makes it difficult to quantify 22 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 1 Uncertainty Terminology In assessing and reporting the state of knowledge about climate change, scientists have devoted serious debate and discussion to appropriate ways of expressing uncertainty to policy makers (Moss and Schneider, 2000).

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Advancing the Science of Climate Change (America's Climate Choices) by Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, National Research Council, America's Climate Choices: Panel on Advancing the Science of
Climate Change, Division on Earth and Life Studies


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