By Maaike Groot

ISBN-10: 9048502322

ISBN-13: 9789048502325

ISBN-10: 9089640223

ISBN-13: 9789089640222

This quantity explores the position of animals within the rural groups of Civitas Batavorum within the first to 3rd centuries advert. Large-scale excavations of 2 settlements and a cremation cemetery in Tiel-Passewaaij have yielded an animal bone assemblage of round 30,000 fragments, and a important reference catalog of the distinct animal deposits is integrated right here. the writer additionally investigates using animals in funerary and different rituals, in addition to the position of farm animals within the neighborhood economic climate and within the construction of surplus items for the Roman market.   

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Additional info for Animals in Ritual and Economy in a Roman Frontier Community: Excavations in Tiel-Passewaaij (Amsterdam University Press - Amsterdam Archaeological Studies)

Example text

Translating biological events such as the fusing of long bones to absolute ages is an interpretation and not completely reliable. Also, the moment of fusion is dependent on many different factors, such as genetic background, nutrition and health. 71 Tooth eruption seems less easily influenced by health and nutrition. Another explanation is that bones of very young animals are more fragile than those of older animals, and are more likely to be lost to taphonomy. Therefore, early-fusing epiphyses will usually be underrepresented, and with them, the younger age classes.

The amount of produce that could be grown was limited by the surface area of the stream ridges. The flood basins offered plentiful grazing in summer. Livestock would thrive on the rich grassland. Although the surface area was limited, the dry and sandy stream ridges offered fertile ground for arable agriculture. The use of crops adapted to the local environment ensured successful harvests. Rivers could be used as channels for quick and easy communication and transportation of goods. Rivers and natural ponds were suitable for various species of fish.

However, it was not long before the necessary networks were created or existing networks tapped into, and the army came to rely on the local rural settlements for at least part of its food. 1 . 4 . 2 co n sum p tio n : mar k ets , to w n s a n d tem p les The Roman army is only one agent in the complex network that existed in the Eastern Dutch River Area during the Roman period. Other agents include markets held in towns, military settlements adjourning forts, and temples. There were very few towns or urban centres in the Roman Netherlands.

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Animals in Ritual and Economy in a Roman Frontier Community: Excavations in Tiel-Passewaaij (Amsterdam University Press - Amsterdam Archaeological Studies) by Maaike Groot

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