By Kevin Greene

ISBN-10: 0415166071

ISBN-13: 9780415166072

This bestselling ebook has firmly tested itself because the so much available advisor to archaeology to be had. It features:
* a proof to the invention and excavation of sites
* a useful define of the key relationship methods
* transparent reasons of medical techniques
* new theories and present controversies
* explanatory diagrams and photos
* information on extra interpreting and up to date bibliography.

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It must be stressed that these instruments are only suitable for use on sites whose location is already known or suspected, for their operation is much too time-consuming to be applied ‘blind’ to large areas. 10–11). Geophysical prospecting devices are useful wherever details need to be checked, or where trial excavation would be an inefficient method of locating buried features. For example, at Usk, Gwent, the position of the southern defences of a Roman legionary fortress was thought likely to be in fields under pasture, insensitive to crop-marks.

The Mediterranean civilizations of Greece and Rome formed an important background to European culture, and they received special attention during the Renaissance and Enlightenment periods. This degree of familiarity reduced classical archaeology’s potential for introducing new techniques and concepts, in contrast to the stimulus given by difficult questions such as Human Antiquity, or the exploration of Egypt and Mesopotamia. In the years around 1800, Europeans first began to turn to more systematic forms of excavation.

C: Irregularities in the depth and moisture content of the soil may lead to marked variations in the height and colour of a cereal crop during its growth or ripening. Severe drought conditions exaggerate these effects and may also reveal much smaller features, not only in cereal crops but also in permanent pasture like A. Note that the post-hole and hearth at the left and centre of these diagrams would not be likely to be revealed, even in extreme conditions. Fig. 10 illustrates the results of geophysical prospecting over the same buried features.

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Archaeology: An Introduction by Kevin Greene


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