By Andrea Cucina
Archaeological proof - i.e. presence of exogenous, overseas fabric gadgets (pottery, obsidian and so forth) - is used to make inferences on old exchange, whereas inhabitants circulation can in simple terms be assessed whilst the organic element of an old neighborhood is analyzed (i.e. the human skeletal remains). however the alternate of products or the presence of overseas architectural styles doesn't unavoidably suggest genetic admixture among teams, whereas whilst people can migrate for purposes that won't be comparable purely to buying and selling. The Prehispanic Maya have been a posh, hugely stratified society. in the course of the vintage interval, city-states ruled over huge areas, setting up complicated ties of alliance and trade with the region’s minor facilities and their allies, opposed to different city-states inside of and out of doors the Maya realm. the autumn of the political method throughout the vintage interval (the Maya cave in) ended in hypothetical invasions of best teams from the Gulf of Mexico into the northern Maya lowland on the onset of the Postclassic. even though, it really is nonetheless doubtful even if this cave in used to be already underway whilst this move of individuals begun. the full photo of inhabitants dynamics in Maya Prehispanic instances, throughout the vintage and the Postclassic, can slowly emerge in simple terms while all the things of the puzzle are prepare in a holistic and multidisciplinary model.
The contributions of this quantity collect contributions from archaeology, archaeometry, paleodemography and bioarchaeology. they supply an preliminary account of the dynamic features in the back of large–scale old inhabitants dynamics, and whilst symbolize novel multidisciplinary issues of departure in the direction of an built-in reconstruction and realizing of Prehispanic inhabitants dynamics within the Maya zone.
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Additional info for Archaeology and Bioarchaeology of Population Movement among the Prehispanic Maya
1976). Emblem and state in the Classic Maya Lowlands: An epigraphic approach to territorial organization. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks. Marcus, J. (1993). Ancient Maya political organization. In A. Sabloff & J. S. D. (pp. 111–183). Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks. Marcus, J. (2004). Calakmúl y su papel en el origen del estado maya. Los Investigadores de la Cultura Maya (Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 15–31). Campeche: Universidad Autónoma de Campeche. Patiño Contreras, A. (2011). Orden, legitimidad y cerámica: Patrones de producción de alfarería durante el Clásico Temprano en el sitio Naachtún, Petén, Guatemala.
J. Folan Higgins et al. contrast to those states that not only soon lost their tributary centers and/or allies but also their citizens. It is the location of the center and its region that is of optimal importance as in the case of Rome, the Eternal City. In agreement with Cohen (1978), Flannery (1999), and Marcus (2004b), however, some form of military conflict was one of the major routes leading toward state formation and continuity in the Peten and elsewhere in Mesoamerica. According to Marcus (2004a), although Tikal’s sphere of influence may be older than Calakmul’s according to its dynastic texts, Calakmul with its 6,195 structures and 120 stelae, in the end, was the largest metropolis and regional state in the Peten while remaining in the same central place for more than 1500 years.
There 2 Ceramic Traditions in the Calakmul Region… 17 is likewise a balance between the presence of ceramic traditions from the Río Bec and the Peten regions; this confirms the findings of Ferguson and Adams (2001) with respect to the cultural influence of the Calakmul sphere in the Regional State of Rio Bec during what is characterized as a period of maximum autonomy for Rio Bec. It is in this northern region and during this period that a large-scale local production of Flamboyan, that belong to the Aguila ceramic group, occurred; at the same time, its absence in the Calakmul region, in the eastern territories, and in the Guatemalan Peten confirms its restricted production and distribution within the Rio Bec region and in the northern part of the Regional State of Calakmul.
Archaeology and Bioarchaeology of Population Movement among the Prehispanic Maya by Andrea Cucina
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