By Joanna S. Smith
Dramatic social and political swap marks the interval from the tip of the overdue Bronze Age into the Iron Age (ca. 1300–700 BCE) around the Mediterranean. Inland palatial facilities of bureaucratic energy weakened or collapsed ca. 1200 BCE whereas entrepreneurial trade by way of sea survived or even extended, turning into the Mediterranean-wide community of Phoenician exchange. on the center of that method was once Kition, one of many greatest harbor towns of old Cyprus. past learn has prompt that Phoenician rule used to be proven at Kition after the abandonment of a part of its Bronze Age cost. A reexamination of Kition’s structure, stratigraphy, inscriptions, sculpture, and ceramics demonstrates that it was once now not deserted. This examine emphasizes the location and scale of pictures and the way they exhibit the advance of monetary and social keep an eye on at Kition from its institution within the 13th century BCE until eventually the advance of a centralized kind of executive through the Phoenicians, subsidized through the Assyrian king, in 707 BCE.
Uses a clean method of interpreting monetary and social keep an eye on throughout the context and scale of vital images
Features new images of fifty seven gadgets and new drawings of fifteen gadgets discovered at Kition
Complete rereading of all Cypriot ceramics stumbled on there from the 13th century in the course of the 7th century BCE
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Additional resources for Art and Society in Cyprus from the Bronze Age into the Iron Age
This end-point perspective emphasizes the static, closed nature of the deposits. However, once material remains are removed from their archaeological contexts and brought back into living context, the relationships of the subject, both past and present/3 convey their dynamic aspect. The return to a living context can take place through archaeological excavation or survey, but also in the past people were continually accessing things that had been buried through rebuilding, entering a tomb, or retrieving information stored as in an archive.
Having a metal tool was useful, for a warmed flat end would help smooth the surface by softening the wax. 20 This practice of using waxed tablets continued into the Iron Age, which is evident from the styli and from representations of the tablets in sculpture and the casting, and thus uncharacteristic preservation, of such a tablet in bronze at Idalion. 2 1 The practice of writing on waxed tablets was common in the Hittite and Syrian worlds of the Late Bronze and Iron Ages. 22 It became commonplace across the Mediterranean.
Eight weights that were identified both as weights and as stone tools for pounding, grinding, cutting, and polishing were found in the textile workshop, 48 six in Temple 2, 49 and one in Room 16. 50 Thirty-four other pounding, grinding, rubbing, and polishing stone tools that were not identified as weights come from the textile workshop, five from Temple 2, three from Courtyard C, two from Temple 4, and two from the eastern part of Temenos A, 51 which, as discussed below, seems to lie outside its sacred area.
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