By Krasimir Kabakčiev (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9048155487

ISBN-13: 9789048155484

ISBN-10: 9401593558

ISBN-13: 9789401593557

ISBN-10: 9548141019

ISBN-13: 9789548141017

Based on an past version released in 1992 in Bulgarian, this e-book bargains a particular method of the most arguable difficulties in linguistics. based on it, point is the results of a refined and complicated interaction among the referents of verbs and nouns within the sentence. exact cognizance is paid to the position nouns and noun words play within the explication of element in English (and comparable languages). The grammatical marking of element is proven to be a compensatory phenomenon imposed through language constitution. Comparisons made utilizing Slavic (mainly Bulgarian) info show that compositional element is a reflect photograph of verbal element. whilst explicated compositionally, point is usually made up our minds by means of pragmatic components. eventually, it really is a part of man's cognitive power.

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Extra resources for Aspect in English: A “Common-Sense” View of the Interplay between Verbal and Nominal Referents

Sample text

Now compare the three passages, plus the translation into English of the manipulated Bulgarian passage: THE ORIGINAL PASSAGE "Men," Colonel Cargill began in Yossarian's squadron, measuring his pauses carefully. "You're American officers. The officers of no other army in the world can make that statement. " Sergeant Knight thought about it and then politely informed Colonel Cargill that he was addressing the enlisted men and that the officers were to be found waiting for him on the other side of the squadron.

This, according to the approach assumed in this book, is a correct statement. As noted by Duskova (1983: 20), it is clear, for example, that sentences like (16a) and (16b) below both refer to perfective actions. Combined in (16c), however, they become imperfective, and broadly equivalent or similar in meaning to a sentence like (16d) with a verb in the Progressive: (16) a. b. c. d. He wrote the letter I checked the addresses While he wrote the letters, I checked the addresses While he was writing the letters, I was checking the addresses But it should be noted also that the opposite view, namely, that the Simple Past Tense in English is an exponent of perfectivity, is not without advocates - cf.

Aspectologists in the 1960s either ignored or exaggerated the influence of tense on the explication of the aspectual value in a given sentence in English. Recall that verbs that often refer to a state can be put in a sentence expressing an event (14a), and verbs that seem to be marked members of the group of 'state' verbs, can refer to perfective situations in certain sentences or contexts like (lOa): (14) (10) a. Suddenly I remembered the letter a. , Danchev 1976; Dahl 1981; Brinton 1988: 4-5; Binnick 1991: 179), terminological confusion and even chaos have always been characteristic of aspectological studies.

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